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LRL Home - Collections - Paschal's Digest - Volume 1printer friendly versionreturn to screen view

Paschals Digest: Volume 1

Table of Contents Page

  • Preface 4
  • Preface to the Second Edition 8
  • Preface to the Third Edition 10
  • Preface to the Third Edition 12
  • Directions for using the book 14
  • Table of Contents 15
      • List of Works Cited and of Abbreviations Used 33
      • Table of Cases Cited 39
  • I. Organic Laws 46
      • The Constitution of the United States of America 46
          • Article I. Legislative Department 46
          • Article II. Executive Department 57
          • Article III. Judicial Department 59
          • Article IV. General Provisions 62
          • Article V. Amendments to the Constitution 65
          • Article VI. Special Provisions 65
          • Article VII. Ratification of the Constitution 66
          • Amendments to the Constitution 66
              • Article I. Freedom of Religion, Speech, the Press, and right of Petition 66
              • Article II. Right to bear Arms 66
              • Article III. Quartering of Troops 66
              • Article IV. Searches or Seizures 66
              • Article V. Trials for Cause 67
              • Article VI. Rights of Defendants in Criminal Cases 67
              • Article VII. Trials in Civil Cases 67
              • Article VIII. Bail, Fines, and Punishments 67
              • Article IX. Reserved Rights 68
              • Article X. Powers Reserved 68
              • Article XI. Limitations of Judicial Power 68
              • Article XII. Election of President and Vice-President 68
              • Article XIII. Slavery 69
              • Article XIV. Representation 69
              • Article XV. Suffrage 69
      • Constitution of the Republic of Texas 76
      • Plan and Powers of the Provisional Government of Texas 70
      • Articles of Annexation 89
      • Constitution of the State of Texas, 1845 92
          • Article I. Bill of Rights 92
          • Article II. Division of the Powers of Government 95
          • Article III. Legislative Department 96
          • Article IV. Judicial Department 100
          • Article V. Executive Department 104
          • Article VI. Of the Militia 107
          • Article VII. General Provisions 108
          • Article VIII. Slaves 114
          • Article IX. Impeachment 115
          • Article X. Education 116
          • Article XI. Fraudulent Land Certificates 116
          • Article XII. General Land Office 117
          • Article XIII. Schedule 117
      • Constitution of the State of Texas, 1866 986
          • Art. I. Bill of Rights 987
          • Art. II. Division of Powers of the Government 989
          • Art. III. Legislative Department 989
          • Art. IV. Judicial Department 991
          • Art. V. Executive Department 995
          • Art. VI. Of the Militia 998
          • Art. VII. General Provisions 998
          • Art. VIII. Freedmen 1001
          • Art. IX. Impeachment 1002
          • Art. XI. Fraudulent Land Certificates 1004
          • Art. XII. General Land Office 1004
      • Ordinances of the Convention, 1861 123
      • Constitution of the Provincial Government of the Confederate States 127
      • Constitution of the Confederate States of America 131
      • Ordinances of the Convention, 1866 1004
          • No I. Ordinance of the Secession null and void 1004
          • No. II. War Debt, void 1005
          • No. III. Elections of State Officers 1005
          • No. IV. Amendments of the Constitution 1005
          • No. V. Taxes for the Year 1866 1005
          • No. VI. Assuming United States Direct Tax 1005
          • No. VII. Indian Depredations 1006
          • No. VIII. Indian Depredations 1007
          • No. IX. Defining State Constitution 1007
          • No. X. Loans to and Stock in Corporations 1007
          • No. XI. Making valid certain Laws and Acts of Officers 1008
          • No. XII. Education Fund 1009
          • No. XIII. Division of the State of Texas 1009
          • No. XIV. Commissioner of Statistics 1009
          • No. XV. Mines, Minerals, Salines, and Oil Springs 1010
          • No. XVI. State Troops called out before March 3, 1861 1010
          • No XVII. Election of State, District, and County Officers 1010
          • No. XVIII. To equalize the Labor and make uniform the Terms of Judicial Districts 1010
          • No. XIX. Resolution of Respect to General Houston 1010
          • No. XX. Delegation to the City of Washington 1010
          • No. XXI. Per diem Pay and Mileage of Members and Officers to the Convention 1011
          • No. XXII. Appropriation for Pay of Members and Officers 1011
          • No. XXIII. Expenses of Delegates to Washington 1011
          • No XXIV. Salary of Governor Houston 1011
          • No. XXV. Printing and other Expenses of the Convention 1011
          • No. XXVI. Contingent Expenses of the Convention 1012
          • No. XVII. Relief of James M. Green and others 1012
  • II. Statutes 140
      • Abstract of Titles 147
      • Agricultural Society 148
      • Asylum, Deaf and Dumb 167
      • Asylum, Lunatic 167
      • Attorney at Law 180
      • Attorney, District 183
      • Attorney General 184
      • Bill of Exceptions 186
      • Bills, Promissory Notes 188
      • Border Leagues 197
      • Boundaries, Colonies 197
          • Austin's first colony 198
          • Austin's second colony 198
          • Austin's third colony 199
          • Austin's coast colony 199
          • Austin and Williams's colony 199
          • Beale's first colony 199
          • Beale's second colony 199
          • Burnet's colony 199
          • Cameron's first colony 199
          • Cameron's second colony 199
          • Castro's colony 199
          • De Leon's colony 200
          • Deminguez's colony 200
          • De Witt's colony 200
          • Edward's colony 200
          • Filisola's colony 200
          • Fisher & Miller's colony 200
          • Hewitson & Powers's first colony 200
          • Hewitson & Powers's second colony 201
          • Leftwick's or Robertson's colony 201
          • McMullen & McGloin's colony 201
          • Mercer's colony 201
          • Padillo & Chambers's colony 201
          • Peter's colony 202
          • Purnell & Drake's colony 202
          • Thorn's colony 202
          • Vehlein's first colony 202
          • Vehlein & Co's second colony 202
          • Wavel's colony 202
          • Wilson's colony 202
          • Wilson & Exeter's colony 202
          • Woodbury's colony 202
          • Zavalla's colony 202
      • Boundaries, Counties 203
      • Boundaries of the State 237
      • Clerks of the District Court 249
      • Colonization, Coahuila and Texas 257
      • Colonization, Imperial 251
      • Colonization, National 253
      • Colonization, Republic and State 276
          • Castro's colony 298
          • Fisher & Miller's colony 293
          • Mercer's colony 290
          • Peters's colony 279
      • Colonization, Tampaulipas 273
      • Comptroller of Public Accounts 300
      • County Surveyors 316
      • County Treasurer 320
      • Courts, Claims 321
      • Courts, County 338
      • Courts, County - Estates 345
      • Courts, Justices 330
      • Criminal Code - Its History 440
          • Part I. General Provisions Relating to the Whole Code 440
              • Title I. The General Objects of the Code 440
              • Title II. Definitions 442
              • Title III. Of the Persons Punishable Under This Code 443
          • Part II. Of Offences and Punishments 445
              • Title I. Definition and Division of Offences 445
              • Title II. Punishments in General 445
              • Title III. Of the Penitentiary 447
                  • Chapter I. Its Organization 447
                  • Chapter II. Its Officers 447
                  • Chapter III. Conveying Prisoners to the Penitentiary 447
                  • Chapter IV. Duties of the Directors 448
                  • Chapter V. Duties of Superintendent and Underkeeper 448
                      • 1. The Superintendent 448
                      • 2. The Underkeeper 449
                  • Chapter VI. Duties of the Financial Agent 450
                  • Chapter VII. Duties of the Physician 450
                  • Chapter VIII. Duties of the Chaplain 451
                  • Chapter IX. Overseers and Other Subordinate Officers and Employees 452
                  • Chapter X. Treatment of Convicts and of Prison Discipline 452
                      • 1. General Rules 452
                      • 2. Visits to the Penitentiary 453
                  • Chapter XII. Prisoners Confined to Labor for Life or a Term of Years 453
                  • Chapter XIII. Of the Rules to be Prescribed by the Directors 453
              • Title IV. Of the House of Correction 454
                  • Chapter I. Its Organization and Officers 454
                  • Chapter II. Its general Objects 454
                  • Chapter III. Of Discipline and Treatment of Convicts 455
              • Title V. Of Principals, Accomplices, and Accessaries 455
                  • Chapter I. Principals 455
                  • Chapter II. Accomplices 456
                  • Chapter III. Accessaries 456
                  • Chapter IV. Trail of Accomplices and Accessaries 457
              • Title VI. Of Offences Against the State, Its Territory, Property, and Revenue 457
                  • Chapter I. Treason 457
                  • Chapter II. Misprision of Treason 460
                  • Chapter III. Embezzlement or Misapplication of Public Money 460
                  • Chapter IV. Collection of Taxes and Other Public Money 460
                  • Chapter V. Dealing in Fraudulent Land Certificates 461
                  • Chapter VI. Dealing in Public Lands by Officers 461
                  • Chapter VII. Forgery of Patents, Land Certificates 461
              • Title VII. Offences Affecting the Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary Departments of the Government 462
                  • Chapter I. Bribery 462
              • Title VIII. Offences Affecting the Right of Suffrage 462
                  • Chapter I. Bribery and Undue Influence 462
                  • Chapter II. Offences by Judges and Other Officers of Elections 463
                  • Chapter III. Illegal Acts of Magistrates and Peace Officers 463
                  • Chapter IV. Riots and Unlawful Assemblies at Elections, Violence Used Towards Electors 463
                  • Chapter V. Miscellaneous Offences Affecting the Right of Suffrage 464
              • Title IX. Offences Which Affect the Free Exercise of Religious Opinion 464
              • Title X. Offences Against Public Justice 465
                  • Chapter I. Perjury and False Swearing 465
                  • Chapter II. Bribery 466
                  • Chapter III. Offences Relating to the Arrest and Custody of Prisoners 467
                  • Chapter IV. False Certificate, Authentication of Entry by and Officer 470
                      • 1. Commissioner of Deeds, &c. 470
                      • 2. Clerk of a Court 470
                      • 3. Authentication of Deeds and Depositions by Notary Publics, or other like Officers 471
                      • 4. General Provisions 471
                  • Chapter V. Extortion by Officers 471
                  • Chapter VI. Embezzlement by Officers of Courts 472
                  • Chapter VII. Unlawfully Dealing in Jury Script and Witness Fees 472
              • Title XI. Offences Against the Public Peace 472
                  • Chapter I. Unlawful Assemblies 472
                  • Chapter II. Riots 473
                  • Chapter III. Affrays and Disturbances of the Peace 474
              • Title XII. Offences Against Public Morals, Decency, and Chastity 474
                  • Chapter I. Unlawful Marriage 474
                  • Chapter II. Incest and Adultery 474
                  • Chapter III. Disorderly Houses 475
                  • Chapter IV. Indecent Exhibitions and Publications 475
                  • Chapter V. Disturbance of Graves and Dead Bodies 475
              • Title XIII. Offences Against Public Policy and Economy 476
                  • Chapter I. Illegal Banking and Passing Spurious Money 476
                  • Chapter II. Lotteries and Raffles 476
                  • Chapter III. Selling to Indians and Free Persons of Color 477
                  • Chapter IV. Gaming 477
                  • Chapter V. Betting on Elections 479
                  • Chapter VI. Neglect of Officers to Arrest or Prosecute Gaming Cases 481
                  • Chapter VII. Retailing Liquor without a License 481
                  • Chapter VII. Peddling without License 482
              • Title XIV. Offences Affecting Public Health 482
                  • Chapter I. Occupations Injurious to Health 482
                  • Chapter II. Sale of Unwholesome Food, Drink, or Medicine 482
              • Title XV. Offences Affecting Property Held in Common for the Use of the Public 482
                  • Chapter I. Obstruction of Navigable Streams 482
              • Title XVI. Offences Against Trade and Commerce, and the Current Coins 483
                  • Chapter I. Forgery and Other Offences Affecting Written Instruments 483
                  • Chapter II. Counterfeiting and Diminishing the Value of Current Coin 485
                  • Chapter III. Offences which Affect Foreign Commerce 486
                  • Chapter IV. False Weights and Measures 486
                  • Chapter V. Offences by Public Weighers 486
                  • Chapter VI. Miscellaneous Offences 487
              • Title XVII. Of Offences Against the Persons of Individuals 487
                  • Chapter I. Of Assault and Battery 487
                      • 1. General Provisions and Definitions 487
                      • 2. Punishment of Simple Assault and Battery 488
                  • Chapter II. Of Aggravated Assaults and Battery 488
                  • Chapter III. Of Assaults with Intent to Commit Murder, Rape, Robbery, or Other Crimes 489
                  • Chapter IV. Of Maiming, Disfiguring, and Castration 490
                  • Chapter V. Of False Imprisonment, Kidnapping, and Abduction 490
                      • 1. False Imprisonment 490
                      • 2. Of Kidnapping 491
                      • 3. Of Abduction 491
                  • Chapter VI. Of Rape 491
                  • Chapter VII. Of Abortion 492
                  • Chapter VIII. Of Administering Poisonous and Injurious Potions 492
                  • Chapter IX. Of Homicide 493
                  • Chapter X. Of Justifiable Homicide 493
                      • 1. Of a Public Enemy 493
                      • 2. of a Convict 493
                      • 3. By Officers in the performance of a Duty, and by other Persons under certain Circumstances 493
                      • 5. In Defence of Person or Property 495
                  • Chapter XI. Of Excusable Homicide 496
                  • Chapter XII. Homicide by Negligence 496
                      • 1. In the Performance of a Lawful Act 496
                      • 2. In the Performance of an Unlawful Act 496
                  • Chapter XIII. Of Manslaughter 497
                  • Chapter XIV. Of Duelling 498
                  • Chapter XV. Of Murder 498
                  • Chapter XVI. General Provisions as to Offences Against the Person 500
              • Title XVIII. Of Offences Against Reputation 500
                  • Chapter I. Of Libel 500
                  • Chapter II. False Accusation and Threats of Prosecution 502
              • Title XX. Offences Against Property other than Slaves 503
                  • Chapter I. Of Arson 503
                  • Chapter II. Of Other Wilful Burning 504
                  • Chapter III. Attempts to Commit Arson, or Other Wilful Burning 505
                  • Chapter IV. Malicious Mischief 505
                  • Chapter V. Cutting and Destroying Timber 506
                  • Chapter VI. Of Burglary 507
                  • Chapter VII. Offences on Board of Vessels and Steamboats 508
                  • Chapter VIII. Of Robbery 508
                  • Chapter IX. Of Theft 508
                      • 1. Theft in General 508
                      • 2. Theft from the Person 511
                      • 3. Theft from a House 511
                      • 4. Theft of Animals 511
                      • 5. Illegal Marking and Branding 513
                  • Chapter X. Embezzlement of Property by Private Persons 515
                  • Chapter XI. Disposition of Mortgaged Property 516
                      • 1. Fraudulent Disposition of Mortgaged Property 516
                  • Chapter XII. Offences Against Property Committed in Another State of Territory 517
                  • Chapter XIII. Estrays 517
                      • 1. Infectious Disease 518
              • Title XXI. Of Miscellaneous Offences 518
                  • Chapter I. Of Conspiracy 518
                  • Chapter II. Threats to Commit Offences 519
                  • Chapter III. Of Seduction 519
                  • Chapter IV. Issuing Marriage Licenses Unlawfully 519
              • Title XXII. Repetition of Offences 519
          • Part III. 520
              • Title III 520
                  • Chapter II. Repealing Clause 520
      • Criminal Procedure 521
          • Introductory Note 521
              • Chapter I. Containing General Provisions 521
              • Chapter II. The General Duties of Officers Charged with the Enforcement of the Penal Laws 523
                  • 1. The Attorney-General and the District Attorney 523
                  • 2. Magistrates 524
                  • 3. Peace Officers 524
                  • 4. Clerk of the District Court 525
              • Chapter III. Definitions 525
              • Chapter IV. Divisions of the Code 525
          • Part I. Of the Courts Having Original Jurisdiction in Criminal Courts 526
              • Title I. Of the Supreme Court 526
              • Title II. Of the District Courts 526
              • Title III. Of the Justices', Mayors', and Recorders' Courts 526
          • Part II. Of the Prevention and Suppression of Offences, and the Writ of Habeas Corpus 527
              • Title I. Of Preventing Offences by the Act of a Private Person 527
              • Title II. Of Preventing Offences by the Act of Magistrates and Other Offences 527
                  • Chapter I. The Duty of Magistrates and Other Officers 527
                  • Chapter II. Proceedings Before Magistrates for the Purpose of Preventing Offences 528
                  • Chapter III. Of the Suppression of Riots 529
              • Title III. Of the Suppression of Offences in their Nature Permanent 530
                  • Chapter I. Offences which affect the Public Health 530
                  • Chapter II. Suppression of Offences which are Injurious to Property held in common for Public Use 531
                  • Chapter III. Offences affecting Reputation 531
                  • Chapter IV. Of the Suppression of Offences against Personal Liberty 531
                      • 1. Definition and Object of the Writ 531
                      • 2. By whom and when granted 531
                      • 3. Service and Return of the Writ, and Proceedings thereon 534
                      • 4. General Provisions 536
          • Part III. Proceedings in Criminal Actions Prosecuted by Indictment or Information in the District Court 539
              • Title I. The Time and Place of commencing and prosecuting Criminal Actions 539
                  • Chapter I. Time within which Criminal Actions may be commenced 539
                  • Chapter II. County within which Offences may be prosecuted 539
              • Title II. Arrest, Commitment, and Bail 541
                  • Chapter I. Arrest without Warrant 541
                  • Chapter II. Arrest under Warrant 541
                  • Chapter III. Commitment or Discharge of the Accused 542
                  • Chapter IV. Of Bail 544
                      • 1. General Rules applicable to all Cases of Bail 544
                      • 2. Surrender of the Principal by his Bail 546
                      • 3. Bail before the Examining Court 547
                      • 4. Bail by Witnesses 548
              • Title III. Search Warrants 548
                  • Chapter I. General Rules 548
                  • Chapter II. When and how a Search Warrant may be issued 549
                  • Chapter III. Execution of a Search Warrant 550
                  • Chapter IV. Proceedings on the Return of a Search Warrant 551
              • Title IV. Proceedings subsequent to a Commitment or Bail, prior to Trial 552
                  • Chapter I. Organization of the Grand Jury 552
                  • Chapter II. Duties, Privileges, and Powers of the Grand Jury 555
                  • Chapter III. Indictments and Information 556
                  • Chapter IV. Proceedings preliminary to Trial 558
                      • 1. Enforcing Attendance of Defendants, Forfeiture of Bail 558
                      • 2. Witnesses, and enforcing their Attendance 561
                      • 3. Service of a Copy of the Indictment 563
                      • 4. Arraignment, and Proceedings when Arraignment is unnecessary 563
                      • 5. Pleadings in Criminal Actions 564
                      • 6. Argument and Decision of Motions, Pleas, and Exceptions 566
                      • 7. Of Continuance 567
                      • 8. Change of Venue 568
                      • 9. Dismissing Prosecutions 569
              • Title V. Trial and Its Incidents 569
                  • Chapter I. The Mode of Trial 569
                  • Chapter II. Formation of the Jury 570
                  • Chapter III. Of Challenges 571
                  • Chapter IV. Trial before the Jury 572
                  • Chapter V. Of the Verdict 575
                  • Chapter VI. Evidence in Criminal Actions 577
                      • 1. General Rules 577
                      • 2. Persons who may testify 578
                      • 3. Evidence as to Particular Offences 579
                      • 4. Of Dying Declarations, and Confessions of Defendant 579
                      • 5. Miscellaneous Provisions 580
              • Title VI. Proceedings after Indictment 580
                  • Chapter I. New Trials 580
                  • Chapter II. Arrest of Judgement 581
                  • Chapter III. Judgement and its Incidents 582
                      • 1. Judgement in Cases of Felony 582
                      • 2. Judgement in Cases of Misdemeanor 583
                  • Chapter IV. Execution of Judgements 583
                      • 1. Collection of Pecuniary Fines 583
                      • 2. Enforcing the Judgment in Misdemeanors, &c. 584
                      • 3. Execution of the Penalty of Death 584
              • Title VII. Of Appeals 585
              • Title VIII. Miscellaneous Proceedings 590
                  • Chapter I. Deposition of Witnesses 590
                      • 2. Persons authorized to take Depositions, and the Manner of Taking and Returning them 590
                      • 3. Reading Depositions in Criminal Actions 591
                  • Chapter II. Inquiry as to the Insanity of the Defendant 591
                  • Chapter III. Disposition of Stolen Property 592
                  • Chapter IV. Fines and Moneys Collected upon Recognizances, Bail Bonds, &c. 592
                  • Chapter V. Commutation of Punishments and Reprieves 593
          • Part IV. Proceedings in Inferior Tribunals, &c. 593
              • Title I. Proceedings in Justices' and Mayors' Courts 593
                  • Chapter I. General Provisions 593
                  • Chapter II. Arrest of the Defendant 594
                  • Chapter III. Trail and its Incidents 594
                  • Chapter IV. Judgement and Execution 595
              • Title II. Coroner's Inquest 596
              • Title III. Fugitives from Justice 598
              • Title IV. Of Vagrants 598
              • Title V. Disorderly Persons 599
              • Title VIII. Reports relative to Crime 599
              • Title IX. Special Proceedings against Railroad Companies 600
          • Part V. Costs in Criminal Actions 600
              • Title I. Taxation of Costs 600
              • Title II. Costs Paid by the State 601
              • Title III. Costs to be paid by Counties, and the manner of enforcing Collection 601
              • Title IV. Costs paid by the Defendant 603
                  • Chapter I. In the Supreme and District Courts 603
                  • Chapter II. In Justices' Courts 603
              • Title V. Costs to be paid by a Witness 604
      • Decent and Distribution 605
      • Discount and Set-off 609
      • Divorce and Alimony 613
      • Domestic Vessels 615
      • Elections 630
          • Contested Elections 633
          • District Surveyors 639
          • Electors of President and Vice-President 638
      • Evidence 647
          • Auditors and Interpreters 662
          • Commissioners to take Depositions, &c. 663
          • In Justices' Courts 659
          • The Common Law 647
      • Factors and Commission Merchants 679
      • Fees of Office 680
          • Attorney-General 681
          • Chief Justices of the County Courts 683
          • Clerks of the County Courts 682
          • Clerks of the District Courts 681
          • Clerks of the Supreme Court 681
          • County or District Surveyors 686
          • District Attorneys 681
          • Heads of Departments 680
          • Justices of the Peace 685
          • Notaries Public 686
      • Forced Heirship 693
      • Forcible Entry and Detainer 695
      • Frauds and Fraudulent Conveyances 698
      • Geological Survey 703
      • Judicial Districts 721
      • Land 729
          • Commissioner and Clerks of General Land Office 734
          • Duplicate Warrants, Discharges, and Certificates 739
          • Head-rights, Conditional Certificates 746
          • Head-rights, Fraudulent Certificates 750
          • Head-rights, Special 745
          • Imperfect Records 758
          • Spanish Grants 782
          • Surveyors' Districts 790
          • Surveys and Surveyors 794
      • Marital Rights 823
      • Marks and Brands 831
      • Naturalization 836
      • Notaries Public 837
      • Passengers coming to the State 844
      • Principal and Surety 852
      • Prisoners of War 853
      • Public Buildings 855
      • Public Printing 862
      • Public Weighing 865
      • Seals and Scrolls 902
      • Secretary of State 902
      • Towns and Cities 939
          • Powers and Duties of the Board of Aldermen 940
          • Duties of the Mayor 941
          • Incorporation of Cities 942
      • Treasurer of the State 943
      • Trespass to try Title 944
      • Trial of the Right of Property 952
      • United States Bonds 954
          • Military Board 959
          • United States Bonds and Coupons 960
      • Weights and Measures 964
  • Appendix 970
      • Acts of the Congress of the United States 970
          • Naturalization 972
          • Comptroller of Public Accounts 978
      • Constitution of the State of Texas as amended 986
          • Article I. Bill of Rights 987
          • Article II. Division of the Powers of Government 989
          • Article III. Legislative Department 989
          • Article IV. Judicial Department 991
          • Article V. Executive Department 995
          • Article VI. Militia 998
          • Article VII. General Provisions 998
          • Article VIII. Freedmen 1001
          • Article IX. Impeachment 1002
          • Article X. Education 1002
          • Article XI. Fraudulent Land Certificates 1004
          • Article XII. Land Office 1004