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John Caldwell
Full Name: John Caldwell
Date of birth: December 10, 1802
Date of death: October 22, 1870

Terms of Service top
Chamber District Dates of Service Legislatures Party City/County Note Counties in District
S 25 Nov 5, 1855 - Nov 7, 1859 6th (6) (7) (8)   7th (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)     Unknown / Bastrop   Bastrop, Burnet, Travis

(1) Webberville is 15 miles east of Austin in eastern Travis County. Handbook of Texas Online.
(2) Webberville, Travis County. Members of the Texas Congress 1836-1845; Members of the Texas Legislature 1846-2004, 2005.
(3) Listed in "Senators holding over: Opposition." Civilian and Gazette. Weekly. (Galveston, Texas), 9/8/1857, p. 2, crediting Dolph Briscoe Center for American History. Portal to Texas History (University of North Texas Libraries).
(4) 7th Legislature - Roll of Senators (holdover Senator), 11/2/1857, pp. 1, 4. Senate Journal.
(5) 7th Legislature - Listed in "large cadre of returning senators," p. 276. The Texas Senate: Volume I, Republic to Civil War, 1836-1861, 1990.
(6) 6th Legislature, Regular Session - Roll of Senators elected since the last adjournment presented their credentials, and being qualified, took their seats, 11/5/1855, p. 2. Senate Journal.
(7) Included "[a]mong 1855 legislators that this writer has positively identified as Know Nothings." The party was active in Texas at the state level between 1855 and 1857. "An Analysis of the Texas Know Nothings," Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 414, 416-417. Southwestern Historical Quarterly.
(8) 6th Legislature - "The Know-Nothings claimed to have won 11 of 33 seats in the Senate in 1855. Although only 5 - John Caldwell, William H. Martin, William M. Taylor, James W. Flanagan, and Elisha E. Lott - can be positively identified . . .", p. 258. The Texas Senate: Volume I, Republic to Civil War, 1836-1861, 1990.
Biographical Notes and Resources top
Biographical Sketches
  • Biographical sketch, John Caldwell, "pioneer Bastrop legislator," p. 62. "At this time, too [of his service in the Texas Senate in the 6th-7th Legislatures] . . . he was elected president of the American, or Know-Nothing, Party when the State Convention was held at Austin, 1/21/1856." Died of pneumonia "at his home in Bastrop," 10/22/1870. Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832-1845, 1942.
  • CALDWELL, JOHN (1802-1870), "settled in 1834 in Bastrop County on the Navarro league, which was deeded to Caldwell on 4/2/1833 . . . became commissioner of Bastrop County in 1840. He represented the county in the House of the 3rd-8th Congresses." Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Portrait and biographical sketch, Hon. John Caldwell, pp. 225-229. Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas, 1890.
  • Biographical sketch, pp. 145-146, 259; Senator in the 9th Congress, pp. 151-157. The Texas Senate: Volume I, Republic to Civil War, 1836-1861, 1990.
  • Other Resources
  • Census of 1850 - John Caldwell, Bastrop County, age 47, born in KY, farmer.
    Census of 1860 - John Caldwell, Bastrop Post Office, Bastrop County, age 57, born in KY, farmer. FamilySearch. 1850 1860
  • John Caldwell, born 12/10/1802 in Frankfort, Franklin County, KY, died 10/22/1870. Grave marker photo, burial in Oakwood Cemetery, Austin, Travis County. Find a Grave.
  • Sketches of John and Lucinda Caldwell included in Haynie Genealogy, Their 1650 Virginia Roots, 1839 Texas Trunk, Nine Limbs . . . "The Caldwells established themselves . . . some eighteen miles below Austin." HeritageQuest Online.
  • Committee Informationtop
    7th R.S. - 1857
    Indian Affairs (Chair) 
    Public Debt  
    Public Lands  
    6th R.S. - 1855
    Enrolled Bills  
    Indian Affairs (Chair) 
    Public Buildings  
    Public Debt  
    Public Lands  

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